The history of the impressive building of the Hellenic Parliament is intimately linked to the history of the Modern Greek state. Initially, the building served as the palace of Kings Otto and George I.
It became the Parliament and Senate building a hundred years after it was constructed, and still houses the Hellenic Parliament today. Through all those years, the building has undergone a series of changes and has been modernised.
Since 1975 the modernisation of the building continues apace. The aim is the best possible function of its departments, with the use of new technological tools and modern and upgraded equipment.
The most important infrastructural change during recent years was the construction of a five storey parking under the perimetre of the building, which greatly reduced traffic in the environs. Following this, several changes in surrounding areas were performed, including inbound and outbound traffic rerouting, marble coating and new garden landscaping, enhancing the building’s monumental qualities.
Among the most important additions to the building’s exterior was the addition of the statues of Charilaos Trikoupes and Eleftherios Venizelos to the western courtyard, both of them works of Yiannes Pappas, and visible from a great distance. The Mother, by Chrestos Kapralos, was placed in the eastern courtyard in 2003.
Monument of the Battle of the Pindhos (1940-1941), by Chrestos Kapralos, a 40 metre long bas relief, was placed in the lobby of the Plenum Hall in 2002. It narrates as a seven-fold structure, the Battle of the Pindhos, passing from Peace to War, Occupation, Resistance, and ending in Peace and Reconciliation. It makes for an intriguing contrast with the frieze in the Eleftherios Venizelos Hall. Restoration and conservation work in this Hall as well as in the Plenum Hall, Senate Room and MPs Lounge was completed fairly recently.
In April 2009, an exhibition presenting the historical milestones of the building was inaugurated, accompanied by a collective academic edition entitled The Hellenic Parliament Building. Scientific research and archival material reveal a monumental building, that has never failed to meet the needs of the age, nor has it stopped evolving, and adapting itself to being an excellent Parliament.