With the establishment of the Modern Greek state and the definition of Athens as the capital of the country, it was necessary to create a metropolitan church in the city center. The first thoughts were to be built near Syntagma Square and Omonoia Square.
The second proposal was to build in the area that is today the Catholic Church of St. Denis in the University, but was rejected because it was deserted and remote! Finally built in the center of old Athens, in Plaka.
The Cathedral of Athens is connected with important moments of modern Greek history. The ringing of the bells meant sometimes joyful and sometimes sad events. There was celebrated in 1864 by the Union of the Ionian Islands with Greece, the coronations and weddings of Greek Kings and funerals prime ministers and other important persons. In recent years the church was with scaffolding to repair the damage caused by the earthquake in Athens in 1981 and 1999.
Precious relics of Athens Metropolis include the image of the Virgin Mary undefiled, an image with great sentimental value as it is dedicated officers and soldiers who survived the 505 fighters battalion line, chalices of metropolitan Calligas Athens, vestments of the 19th century They came from Russia, and Gospel manuscripts of the 16th century and other precious relics.
The scaffolding that hid the facade of the church were removed after about two decades. The Metropolis of Athens delivered to the faithful who no longer can and are mysteries.
The church’s interior is decorated with works of famous artists of the 19th century. The painting is the painter Spyridon Giallinas and Alexander Seitz, decoration Constantine’s vest from Smyrna, and sculptures of Tinian sculptor George Fytalis.